Roman numeral analysis
Created: 2017-12-10 11:22:54 -0800 Modified: 2018-01-21 13:02:31 -0800
InversionsSection titled Inversions
V represents a major dominant chord in root position (so it’s technically like “Va”).
Vb represents the same chord but in first inversion
Vc represents the same chord in second inversion
Figured bass has its own way of representing inversions (see Music Theory note for that).
Harmonic minorSection titled Harmonic minor
If you know that you’re in A minor and you see “bVII”, you should assume that it’s a G natural major since the 7th scale degree in harmonic minor is raised (so it would be G#), so taking that down a half step gives you an unraised 7th scale degree.
Flat or sharpSection titled Flat or sharp
bVII is a flat seventh chord and has nothing to do with inversions.
AbbreviationsSection titled Abbreviations
If you use the same chord within a measure but different inversions (e.g. V43 - V65), then it’s okay to omit writing the “V” the second time.