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Raspberry Pi

Created: 2020-02-21 18:31:10 -0800 Modified: 2023-10-09 20:12:55 -0700

Note: I got a Raspberry Pi 4 kit that came with an SD card that already had a Raspbian bootloader on it, and I didn’t want a desktop environment. Setting it up was a piece of cake:

  • Connect everything and get to the OS selection screen.
  • Instead of picking an option from the SD card, choose Wi-Fi and connect to the network.
  • Install Raspbian Lite, which has no desktop. This takes 10-15 minutes.
  • Login with a username of “pi” and password of “raspberry”.
  • Run $ sudo raspi-config
    • Choose “1. Change password” and change the password
    • Choose “5. Interfacing options” → “P2 SSH” → Yes
    • Choose “8 Update” - it’ll take about a minute or so
  • From your main computer, run “ssh pi@IP_ADDRESS_OF_PI”. I got the IP from my router’s administrator page.
  • sudo apt install nodejs git vim htop screen curl ripgrep
    • ↑ And install whatever else you want.
  • No need to set up SSH keys into the Pi, just connect through VSCode with the “ssh” extension via “pi@<IP address my router reports>”, then open a folder for development and use the terminal right in VSCode.
  • Getting to the desktop from the console
    • Typically it’s startx, but typing “start” and hitting tab will show you all options.
  • Quick-launching the terminal from the window manager
    • Alt+F2 → lxterminal

(writing SUPER high-level notes here)


SCP the key off of the machine and onto GitHub

ip r | grep default

Note the first IP address as your router IP.

sudo vim /etc/resolv.conf

Note the IP as your name server’s IP.

sudo vim /etc/dhcpcd.conf

Uncomment either your Wi-Fi’s (“wlan0”) or your Ethernet’s (“eth0”) connection:

interface <NETWORK>

static ip_address=<STATICIP>/24

static routers=<ROUTERIP>

static domain_name_servers=<DNSIP>

Note: eth0 and wlan0 will have different MAC addresses, so if your router is assigning IP addresses, you may need to modify your router too.

I ended up following these instructions, but I ended up with a completely separate SSID (since using the same SSID didn’t result in my phone connecting to my Pi despite the Pi’s signal being much stronger). Running “sudo iw dev wlan0 set 4addr on” on my Raspberry Pi 4 shows “command failed: Operation not supported (-95)“.

pip3 install speedtest-cli


This reports way lower speeds though than what I’m actually seeing with wget and ping.

If you installed using NOOBS, then you should be able to either hold or tap shift at first boot to get to the factory-reset option. However, that didn’t work for me due to some weird keyboard-powering problem, so I just used my micro-SD-to-USB adapter and put a new NOOBS image onto the card so that I could start from scratch.

Note that if you go this route, the Raspberry Pi Imager is all you need; it will download Raspbian for you (see screenshot below). However, if you did download a zip, then select the option toward the bottom that implies a “.img” file is needed since it accepts a .zip as well.

If you have console access, run “sudo raspi-config” and choose “Network Options”.

If that fails with “could not communicate with wpa_supplicant”, then follow the instructions here.

sudo killall wpa_supplicant

sudo wpa_supplicant -c/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf -iwlan0

If it starts successfully, then press ctrl+Z to background the app.

Keyboard doesn’t work at first boot

Section titled Keyboard doesn’t work at first boot

I fixed this by just plugging in the keyboard to a different USB slot on the Pi. I think that even plugging it into the same one would be fine too.